Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, often called CBT-I, is essentially a structured program that s you recognize thoughts and behaviors that cause or worsen your sleep problems and s to replace them with good habits that promote a sound night sleep. Unlike sleeping pills, CBT-I s you overcome the underlying causes of your sleep problems. (Trauer, 2015) The purpose of this paper is to explain that cognitive behavioral therapy used to treat people with chronic insomnia is an effective treatment. There will be a summary of what cognitive behavioral therapy is, what insomnia is, a summary of experiments from research done on the topic of CBT-I, information given to describe the purpose of the research done, a review of previous There is primary insomnia, which means someone is having sleep problems that are not linked with any other health condition or problem (independent variable.) There is also secondary insomnia, which means that a person is having trouble sleeping because they are effected with something secondary such as, health problems; asthma, cancer, depression, heartburn, anxiety, etc. (dependent variable.) There is also acute vs chronic insomnia, which is essentially how long it lasts and how often it occurs. Acute insomnia lasts for a short time and occurs sporadically; one night or a few weeks. Chronic insomnia last for a long time, occurring continuously; three times a week or more, and for a month or longer. Chronic insomnia is associated with both medical and psychiatric comorbidity (the simultaneous evidence of two long-lasting diseases (disorders in a patient) and can be linked to anxiety, depression, chronic health problems, use of medication and alcohol, The experiments done within the CBT-I study had chronic insomnia participants keep track of their sleep patterns by using sleep diaries. The sleep diaries consisted of when participants first experienced the inability to sleep, when they first woke after sleep began, their total sleep time, and sleep efficiency. Then any negative behaviors the participant’s experienced that impacted their sleep patterns were identified; dysfunctional beliefs such as the participant’s fear of missing sleep or any thoughts of consequences for their poor sleep. They were instructed to go to bed only when sleepy, avoid any visual access; a clock, avoiding daytime naps, limiting alcohol, caffeine and nicotine intake, especially before bed. Also having participants take the time to relax and wind down before bed, limit cognitive arousal, and reduce muscle tensions to ease the ability of sleep such as breathing techniques or mediation.
The purpose of this research on cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is to address the dependent variables that are under the surface of their chronic insomnia such as anxiety, depression, addictions, etc. and improve those behaviors to better their sleep patterns. The cognitive part of CBT-I teaches you to recognize and change beliefs that affect your ability to sleep, and teaches the participant that they may not